Def’n- A developmental disorder which can cause learning difficulty in one or more of the areas of reading, writing, and numeracy.

Characteristics of Dyslexia by age:

Young Children will struggle with:

  • Recognizing letters, matching letters to sounds and blending sounds into speech
  • Pronouncing words, for example saying “mawn lower” instead of “lawn mower”
  • Learning and correctly using new vocabulary words
  • Learning the alphabet, numbers, and days of the week or similar common word sequences
  • Rhyming 

School-Age Children will struggle with:

  • Mastering the rules of spelling
  • Remembering facts and numbers
  • Handwriting or with gripping a pencil
  • Learning and understanding new skills; instead, relying heavily on memorization
  • Reading and spelling, such as reversing letters (d, b) or moving letters around (left, felt)
  • Following a sequence of directions
  • Trouble with word problems in math

Teenagers and Adults will struggle with:

  • Reading at the expected level
  • Understanding non-literal language, such as idioms, jokes, or proverbs
  • Reading aloud
  • Organizing and managing time
  • Trouble summarizing a story
  • Learning a foreign language
  • Memorizing


Possible Retained Primitive Reflexes 

It is often observed that individuals with Dyslexia will often have the following Primitive Reflexes still active.

  • Moro Reflex
  • Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex
  • Automatic Gait Reflex
  • Tonic Labyrinthine Reflex

(Learn more about all of the reflexes under the Primitive Reflexes tab)


Brain Hemisphere Imbalance

Dyslexia is often characteristic of a left brain deficiency.

(Learn more about the brain hemispheres under the Brain Balancing tab)